Brown v. Board of Education

What Was Brown Vs Board Of Education? The case that came to be known as Brown v. Board of Education was the name given to five different cases heard by the U.S. Supreme Court concerning the topic of segregation in public schools. These cases were Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Bolling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel. While the facts of each case are different, the main issue in each was the constitutionality of state-sponsored segregation in public schools. May 17, 1954 marks a defining moment in the United States.

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Appalling and Disgraceful: How Does This Keep Happening

The video is extremely painful to watch. It’s even harder to hear the cries of Anjanette Young after Chicago Police bashed down her door and conducted a raid.  An unsupervised search warrant based on a false tip led to a scene that once again revealed prejudice, social inequality and has unnerving echoes of Breonna Taylor. Young had gotten home from her job as a social worker and was changing when police barged through her home.  Watching the video, you see police with weapons drawn. They tear through her apartment – and worse, cuff her as she is naked.  They continue

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Educational Inequality in America: Race and Gender

Education Inequality: Definition and Background        Educational Inequality is about the disparity of access to educational resources between different social groups. Some examples of these resources include school funding, experienced and qualified educators, books, technologies and school facilities such as sports and recreation. Educational inequality in America are often the result of some of the following factors: Government policies Choice of school Family wealth Residential location Parenting style and choices Implicit bias towards a student’s race, ethnicity and gender While there are many more factors that contribute to the existence of inequality in the American education system, the broader problems created

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The Free People of Color – Definition, Context and Disambiguation

Very few slave owners engaged in voluntary manumission until the revolution and the Civil War. Many slave owners took advantage of the power dynamics and engaged in sexual relations with their slaves. Sometimes these relationships lasted for extended periods of time. Very frequently, these relationships resulted in the birth of children – most of whom were not usually emancipated in English speaking colonies. However, it was more common in Spanish and French colonies such as those in South America and the Caribbean, for colonial fathers to acknowledge and emancipate children born of relations with African slaves. While there were numerous

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Women’s Suffrage Movement

Most democratic societies, ranging from ancient Greece and Rome to the emerging European democracies of the 18th century, had one thing in common – women were rarely, if ever, allowed to vote. Even when most democracies began to evolve and widen franchise, women were still denied voting rights. This lead to the 19th century movement which would come to be known as the Women’s Suffrage Movement. While the suffrage movement of the United States and the United Kingdom received worldwide attention, these nations were actually late to enfranchise women. By the time the 19th Amendment came to pass in the

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Defining Police Brutality in the U.S

Contrary to popular opinion, police brutality is not a new issue nor is it limited to the United States. It has a long global history. However, the first step in understanding the different aspects of police brutality is defining it. In the American context, Britannica defines it as, ‘the unwarranted or excessive and often illegal use of force against civilians by U.S police officers.’ Actions that may be regarded as police brutality include physical assault and battery, torture, manhandling and murder. However, many consider verbal and physical harassment, threats and false arrests to constitute police brutality as well. On a

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USA 2020: The Social Justice Issues We Face Today

The world today is complicated. Technological advancements have ensured that we are more connected than ever before, yet in many ways we have never been more disconnected. While we sit in the comfort of our homes, we have access to information from across the global,  literally within the palms of our hands. We are more aware than ever before of the problems faced by humanity in different parts of the world. Yet the distance provides a sense of security. What we fail to realize is that in a globalized world, every issue is a global one. The United States today

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The Importance of Gender Equality

Defining Gender Equality Gender equality is the idea that everyone, regardless of gender, has equal access to resources and opportunities. These include access to education, economic participation and independence, and political participation and representation. This means that gender is irrelevant when it comes to valuing different behaviors, aspirations, needs, and opinions equally. The idea of gender equality also extends to the legal, social, and political rights, freedoms and protections that a state must offer to all citizens regardless of gender. Origins of Gender Inequality According to a study published in the European Journal of Archaeology, gender equality can be traced

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Black Suffrage – A History of African American Voting Rights

Suffrage, in a democratic system of government, is the right to vote and actively participate in the election of political representatives and other public officials. It may also extend to include the right to reject legislation. Universal political suffrage in the United States, or political franchise, has been a gradual process of the extension of voting rights from privileged groups such as white male Americans to the entire adult population. In many parts of the world, exclusion from the voting process has often been based on factors such as race, gender, religion, social class, residency, criminality, and literacy among many

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The American Civil Rights Movement

The Black Lives Matter movement has been successful in bringing the injustice and discrimination faced by African Americans to the forefront of American politics and discussions. Critics, however, argue that the movement is violent and misguided, and some say that there is no need for such a movement today. While it is true that African Americans and people of different races, ethnic backgrounds and even sexual orientations enjoy more liberties and rights than ever before, there is still a lot of room for improvement. Also, it is important to acknowledge that the freedoms enjoyed today by non-white Americans can, largely,

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